Hiring Process Overview
STEP 1 - APPLICATION
An application is submitted to Human Resources within the posted application period. The goal of this segment is to ensure applicants meet the minimum requirements of the job. Those that do not submit all of the required information to demonstrate they meet the minimum requirements are not allowed to proceed to the next step of the process.
All required information must be submitted by the posted deadline in order to be considered.
- Age 18 or older
- High School graduation or G.E.D.
- Vision requirements: Correctable to 20/30
- Excellent physical condition
- Due to the public safety nature of the Firefighter position any felony and misdemeanor convictions will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis to determine eligibility of the applicant. Review includes such factors as the nature, type, and recency of conviction as well as other job related factors.
- EMT-B (license) or
- Firefighter I & II (certificate) or
- 36 hours accredited college hours (transcript) or
- Two years active military service with honorable discharge (DD214)
STEP 2 - WRITTEN EXAMINATION
Those that meet the minimum requirements will be notified of the time and date of the written exam which usually occurs about 4-8 weeks after the closing date of the application deadline.
This is not an all inclusive list, but the written exam tests several broad categories such as:
- Listening Comprehension
- Reading Comprehension
- Spatial Orientation
- Human Relations
- Map Reading
An optional Candidate Orientation Guide is available for purchase from FPSI, the testing vendor, at a cost of $15.00. The Candidate Orientation Guide is NOT REQUIRED to successfully pass the exam. However, it does provide sample test questions similar to those on the exam. If you would like to purchase a downloadable copy of the Candidate Orientation Guide from the vendor, please visit FPSI.
There are also several books written about firefighter entry examinations. Candidates who are interested in finding a book can generally locate them via a search on the web or at your local bookstore by searching for "firefighter entry level written exam".
Candidates who receive a passing score on the written examination will be assigned a time to take the Physical Agility Test.
STEP 3 - PHYSICAL AGILITY TEST (PAT)
Those who successfully pass the written exam will be scheduled for the Physical Ability Testing. Please keep in mind that the physical demands of firefighting are very difficult and require a high level of physical fitness. Candidates must possess high levels of cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility. Physical ability is critical to the success of firefighters. Candidates must begin preparing early or ensure they maintain a high level of physical fitness for adequate physical training required to pass the PAT and the Fire Academy.
There are two components to the testing that include:
1. Skills simulation test -This includes a variety of skills used by firefighters. Candidates have 6 minutes to complete the simulation stations. All stations must be successfully completed within the 6 minute time period. A facilitator walks with the candidate throughout their testing cycle.
The following segments of the sequential course must be completed in 5 minutes and 45 seconds or less:
- Ascending/Descending stairs with a weighted pack
- Ladder Raise and Ladder Extension
- Equipment Carry simulation
- Dragging an uncharged 100-foot section of 5-inch hose
- Dragging an 1 and 3/4-inch hose (simulates a charged line)
- Apparatus Ladder Rack
- Dragging a 180-pound dummy 100 feet
It is important for candidates to pace the completion of this course in a timely and safe manner. Faster times have no bearing on the overall consideration of each candidate as a potential Firefighter. This is considered a pass/fail test.
STEP 4 - ORAL INTERVIEW
- This is typically 1-3 weeks after the written exam and physical agility test.
- Interviews take approximately 30 minutes.
- Employment interviews with the City of Springfield may be different than interviews with other employers. The City uses a panel interview format and the panel usually consists of representatives from Human Resources and the Springfield Fire Department. The interviews are structured and utilize a behavior based interview method. Candidates are required to give examples of previous work related experiences to demonstrate they possess the knowledge, skills and abilities to be a firefighter. All questions are related to essential functions and qualifications outlined in the job description.
- There are a wide variety of web sites that provide an overview of behavior based interviewing. Candidates should be prepared to discuss specific examples of job experience, training, education, skills, and abilities they possess prior to the interview.
- Candidates are scored based on their interview and once all interviews are completed, an “eligibility list” is created based upon interview scores.
- The eligibility list will be provided to the department for review. Eligibility lists are generally valid for one year, or until a new list is established, whichever comes first.
- If not selected during the time-frame the eligibility list is valid, candidates must reapply and test again if they remain interested in the position. Firefighter testing typically takes place once per year.
STEP 5 - BACKGROUND INVESTIGATION
- Background investigations are initiated after the interview and take several weeks to complete.
- The Department will conduct background investigations on more candidates than there are vacancies, because it is common that background investigation results will eliminate some candidates from consideration for hire. However, it is likely that not all candidates on the eligibility list will go through this process. Candidates with the highest scores are given preference.
- The background investigation is very extensive and requires the candidates to sign an authorization form. It will include previous work references, criminal and civil records checks, personal references, and checks with landlords, neighbors, etc. among other things.
- Candidates will not be considered without multiple reference checks from previous employment.
- Contingent job offers will be made to candidates who are selected by the department.
STEP 6 - JOB OFFER
- The Human Resources Department will make conditional job offers to those the department plans to hire.
- The offer is conditional on passing the physical examination and drug screen.
STEP 7 - PHYSICAL & DRUG SCREEN
Generally, this will be conducted within two weeks of the job offer. The candidates will be sent to be evaluated by a department selected physician who will evaluate whether the candidate can safely perform the essential functions of the job and a drug screen will be given.
STEP 8 - NOTIFICATION OF WHEN TO BEGIN WORK
Those that move to this phase will be given the exact date they will begin their employment with the Fire Department. The timeline is planned to provide candidates at least two weeks notice before their employment as a Firefighter begins.